On Tuesday, July 2, 2019 there will be a total solar eclipse that will be seen in the Pacific Ocean, Chile and at dusk, in Argentina as well as in Uruguay. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun, obscuring totally or partially the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the apparent diameter of the Moon is greater than that of the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning the day into darkness. This total eclipse will occur in a narrow strip of about 200 km wide. The rotation of the Earth is responsible for this area is moving across the surface of the Earth always from west to east, forming a band of totality. On both sides of this band and in an area thousands of kilometers wide, the observers will speak of a partial eclipse, and even further the Sun will have shone as it does every day.
Path of the Shadow projected by the Moon.
The entire band will travel 11,252 kilometers from West to East and begin in the morning in the South Pacific Ocean, east of New Zealand moving in a northeasterly direction. Then it will take southeast direction and at dusk it will touch the mainland in Chile, ending at Punta Rasa, the southern end of the Río de la Plata. It can be seen partially in a large area of southern South America: in the entire territory of Ecuador, Peru, Chile (including the Pacific islands), Bolivia, Paraguay, Colombia, Argentina (including the South Atlantic islands) and Uruguay; and the center and south of Brazil. Also, in some Polynesian islands: Samoa, Tonga, Cook Islands, Kiribati, French Polynesia and Pitcairn.
Features: Eclipse of magnitude 1.0459; Range -0.6466; its maximum duration will be 273 seconds (4 min 33 s) and will happen at a point located at the coordinates 17.4 ° S 109 ° W at 19:24:08 UTC. The width of the maximum total band will be 201 km. Belonging to the Saros 127 series (58 of 82) Catalog No. (SE5000) 9551.
De A.T. Sinclair – sunearth.gfsc.nasa.gov/eclipse, Dominio público, Enlace